Mohandas Karamchand Gandhi Mohandas Karamchand Gandhi was an Indian revolutionary religious leader who used his religious power for political and social reform. Although he held no governmental office, he was the prime mover in the struggle for independence of the world's second-largest nation. Mohandas Gandhi was born on Oct. His wealthy family was of a Modh Bania subcaste of the Vaisya, or merchant, caste.
Mohandas Mahatma Gandhi, the Gujarati barrister who had returned from living for many years in South Africa shortly after the war started, was recognized throughout India as one of the most-promising leaders of the Congress Party.
His father—Karamchand Gandhi, who was the dewan chief minister of Porbandarthe capital of a small principality in western India in what is now Gujarat state under British suzerainty—did not have much in the way of a formal education.
He was, however, an able administrator who knew how to steer his way between the capricious princes, their long-suffering subjects, and the headstrong British political officers in power.
Mohandas grew up in a home steeped in Vaishnavism —worship of the Hindu god Vishnu —with a strong tinge of Jainisma morally rigorous Indian religion whose chief tenets are nonviolence and the belief that everything in the universe is eternal.
Thus, he took for granted ahimsa noninjury to all living beingsvegetarianismfasting for self-purification, and mutual tolerance between adherents of various creeds and sects.
The educational facilities at Porbandar were rudimentary; in the primary school that Mohandas attended, the children wrote the alphabet in the dust with their fingers.
Luckily for him, his father became dewan of Rajkotanother princely state. Though Mohandas occasionally won prizes and scholarships at the local schools, his record was on the whole mediocre.
A diffident child, he shone neither in the classroom nor on the playing field. He loved to go out on long solitary walks when he was not nursing his by then ailing father who died soon thereafter or helping his mother with her household chores.
His adolescence was probably no stormier than that of most children of his age and class.
What was extraordinary was the way his youthful transgressions ended. And he kept his promise. Beneath an unprepossessing exterior, he concealed a burning passion for self-improvement that led him to take even the heroes of Hindu mythology, such as Prahlada and Harishcandra—legendary embodiments of truthfulness and sacrifice—as living models.
As he had to suddenly switch from his native language— Gujarati —to English, he found it rather difficult to follow the lectures.
Meanwhile, his family was debating his future. Left to himself, he would have liked to have been a doctor. But, besides the Vaishnava prejudice against vivisectionit was clear that, if he was to keep up the family tradition of holding high office in one of the states in Gujarat, he would have to qualify as a barrister.
That meant a visit to Englandand Mohandas, who was not too happy at Samaldas College, jumped at the proposal. His father had left the family little property; moreover, his mother was reluctant to expose her youngest child to unknown temptations and dangers in a distant land.
But Mohandas was determined to visit England. Mohandas disregarded the last obstacle—the decree of the leaders of the Modh Bania subcaste Vaishya casteto which the Gandhis belonged, who forbade his trip to England as a violation of the Hindu religion—and sailed in September Ten days after his arrival, he joined the Inner Templeone of the four London law colleges The Temple.
Page 1 of 5.Mohandas Karamchand Gandhi (/ ˈ ɡ ɑː n d i, ˈ ɡ æ n d i /; [needs Gujarati IPA] Hindustani: [ˈmoːɦəndaːs ˈkərəmtʃənd ˈɡaːndʱi] ; 2 October – 30 January ) was an Indian activist who was the leader of the Indian independence movement against British vetconnexx.comality: Indian.
In , he joined the Indian National Congress and joined Indian Nationalist leader Mahatma Gandhi’s independence movement. In , Pakistan was created as a new, independent country for Muslims.
Mahatma Gandhi ( – ) The foremost political leader of the Indian independence vetconnexx.com over two decades, Gandhi led a peaceful independence movement, characterised by non-violent protests, such as boycotts and the Salt March. Article abstract: Gandhi, as one of the main figures of the Indian independence movement, pioneered the use of nonviolent protest; the strategies and tactics he employed have been adapted by many.
Mahatma Gandhi Biography: Movement brought a milestone in the history of struggle for Indian Independence. It was formed with an ideology to defy the rules and laws of the British government.
Apr 09, · Secular Gandhi and Essence of his movement in Revolutionizing Congress Mahatma Gandhi was a political and spiritual leader, though not in a religious sense. He was a religious person but believed that all religions were equal and did not advocate on religion over another.