References and Further Reading 1.
Hsun Tzu and Mencius: Conflicting Perspectives of Society By: However, it was also a great period for the philosophy of Confucianism, with the teachings of Mencius and Hsun Tzu to lead the way for their lost followers.
According to Hsun Tzu and Mencius, human beings give birth to their children with a sense of an inherent reaction to life. Without proper teaching, children would be uncivilized, and ineffective in contributing anything towards society.
Young age is important, for it is at this time that their perspectives drastically split. Mencius believed that human beings were born with a rationality of good sense.
Hsun Tzu, in opposition, believed that all human beings are born into a state of primitive evil. Hsun Tzu was a devoted follower of Confucius, despite his departure from a more "typical" Confucian way of thinking. He believed in dedicated and effective political officials who based their governance on action.
Hsun Tzu lived during the Warring States, a period of disunity, so he naturally did not have much faith in the corrupt government that was ruling China.
For Confucian scholars, the way to maintain order and safety for the people was to bring back ways and rules of the past. However, with the pressure of competition from other states wanting control, rulers were constantly dropping old ways in search for a more modern system that would increase military power as well as gain greater control over the people and material resources.
As a Confucius scholar, Hsun Tzu believed that the most important aspect of government was the ritual system. Rituals were important because they were developed by ancient sages to embellish human life by giving us a structure in which we can fully express our natural emotions.
Also, rituals were a way to try and limit the power of the ruler and emphasize his obligation to his people. This was a very important idea in Confucianism as a whole.
According to Hsun Tzu, and Confucianism, he regarded the state as a family. As a father takes care of his children, a ruler must take care of his people.
If the ruler does this accordingly, the people will respond with loyalty. Hsun Tzu believed that human nature was the same in everyone. No one starts off with moral principles. An increase in greed and struggle for power amidst numerous regimes in China lead Hsun Tzu to his belief that people were not inherently good due to the outbreak of corrupt governance and economic status.
These sages were the first and last of inherently moral people who did exist like everyone else, but for those who wanted to achieve betterment of ones life was through study. Studying the classic writings of the sages was the most effective way in bettering one self in a lifetime, where your entire life was devoted to study and your personal conduct reflected this.
This was the only glimmer of hope as he experienced it himself by studying the classic writings of the sages, for society to curb their own inherently destructive and evil habits.
He believed that the governance of people was based on virtue of a benevolent ruler that would bring success. This governance style would entail a stronger sense of fraternity and stronger bonds between the classes.
This would be reinforced by an economic system that is progressive in centralized plots of diversified farms, where a mutual central square is cultivated by multiple families and encompassed their payment for taxation.
This would entail families working together towards a mutual goal of bettering the entire community and the state through their taxation. These familiar bonds of filial piety would continue to stabilize their economic status, and create a new social infrastructure that would encompass a similar moral code.Xunzi (Hsün Tzu, c.
—c. B.C.E.) Xunzi, Like Mencius, Xunzi believed human nature is the same in everyone: no one starts off with moral principles. The original nature of Yao (a legendary sage king) and Jie (a legendary tyrant) was the same.
Xunzi views these achievements as products of the sage's acquired nature, not his.
mencius goodness of human nature. potential to become noble person bc four sprouts of virtue if cultivated properly, grow into full/proper virtues no human lacking in tendency to do good. mencius vs xunzi education.
mencius-education as natural development of inherent tendencies. Wendy Swartz The Nature of Evil Hsun Tzu's philosophy is built from the idea that human beings are by nature inherently evil, and the good they produce will only come through their conscious activity.
Compare Mencius And Hsun Tzu Human Nature. influence can be seen in the formation of the official state doctrine of the Han Dynasty however his influence waned in comparison to Mencius in the Dynasties that followed.1 In this exegesis essay The two Confucians Mencius and Xunzi held opposing views about human nature.
Mencius believed. Mencius (fourth century BCE) was a Confucian philosopher. Often referred to as the "Second Sage" of Confucianism (meaning second in importance only to Confucius himself), Mencius is best known for his claim that “human nature is good.”.
Compare Mencius And Hsun Tzu Human Nature. Wendy Swartz The Nature of Evil Hsun Tzu's philosophy is built from the idea that human beings are by nature inherently evil, and the good they produce will only come through their conscious activity.
Hsun Tzu believes that if man follows his nature and indulges in his natural desires, without transforming .