During these eras, many artists gained enormous fame as a result of the masterpieces they produced, reflecting how the ideologies and artistic philosophies evolved during that time. This essay compares and contrasts these two art periods with respect to the major works created by prominent artists. Both of these works reflect the artistic progression of their ages.
History of Australia A Luritja man demonstrating method of attack with boomerang under cover of shield The oldest surviving cultural traditions in Australia—and some of the oldest surviving cultural traditions on earth—are those of Australia's Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander peoples.
Their ancestors have inhabited Australia for between 40, and 60, years, living a hunter-gatherer lifestyle.
Inthe Indigenous population was estimated atpeople, or 2. The Australian colonies established democratic parliaments from the s and began to grant women the vote in the s. The arrival of the first British settlers at what is now Sydney in introduced Western civilisation to the Australian continent.
Although Sydney was initially used by the British as a place of banishment for prisoners, the arrival of the British laid the foundations for Australia's democratic institutions and rule of law, and introduced the long traditions of English literatureWestern art and music, and Judeo-Christian ethics and religious outlook to a new continent.
The British Empire expanded across the whole continent and established six colonies. The colonies were originally penal colonies, with the exception of Western Australia and South Australiawhich were established as a "free colony" with no convicts and Australian art history essay vision for a territory with political and religious freedoms, together with opportunities for wealth through business and pastoral investments.
Contact between the indigenous Australians and the new settlers ranged from cordiality to violent conflict, but the diseases brought by Europeans were devastating to Aboriginal populations and culture. According to the historian Geoffrey Blaineyduring the colonial period: The main conqueror of Aborigines was to be disease and its ally, demoralisation.
From the s, the colonies set about writing constitutions which produced democratically advanced parliaments as Constitutional Monarchies with Queen Victoria as the head of state.
This was the first legislation in the world permitting women to stand for political office and, inCatherine Helen Spence became the first female political candidate.
During the colonial era, distinctive forms of Australian artmusiclanguage and literature developed through movements like the Heidelberg school of painters and the work of bush balladeers like Henry Lawson and Banjo Patersonwhose poetry and prose did much to promote an egalitarian Australian outlook which placed a high value on the concept of mateship.
Games like cricket and rugby were imported from Britain at this time and with a local variant of football, Australian Rules Footballbecame treasured cultural traditions. The Commonwealth of Australia was founded inafter a series of referenda conducted in the British colonies of Australasia.
The Australian Constitution established a federal democracy and enshrined human rights such as sections 41 right to vote80 right to trial by jury and freedom of religion as foundational principles of Australian law and included economic rights such as restricting the government to acquiring property only "on just terms".
Voting is compulsory in Australia and government is essentially formed by a group commanding a majority of seats in the Australian House of Representatives selecting a leader who becomes Prime Minister.
Australia remains a constitutional monarchy in which the largely ceremonial and procedural duties of the monarch are performed by a Governor General selected by the Australian government.
These wars profoundly affected Australia's sense of nationhood and a proud military legend developed around the spirit of Australia's ANZAC troops, who came to symbolise the virtues of mateship, courage and endurance for the nation.
The Australian colonies had a period of extensive multi-ethnic immigration during the Australian gold rushes of the latter half of the 19th century, but following Federation inthe Parliament instigated the White Australia Policy that gave preference to British migrants and ensured that Australia remained a predominantly Anglo-Celtic society until well into the 20th century.
The post- World War II immigration program saw the policy dismantled by successive governments, permitting large numbers of Southern European, and later Asian and Middle Eastern migrants to arrive.
The Menzies Government and Holt Government dismantled the legal barriers to multi-ethnic immigration and by the s, the Whitlam and Fraser Governments were promoting multiculturalism. A referendum to include all Aborigines in the national electoral roll census was overwhelmingly approved by voters.
Ina group of Pintupi people who were living a traditional hunter-gatherer desert-dwelling life were tracked down in the Gibson Desert and brought into a settlement. They are believed to have been the last uncontacted tribe.Nov 20, · Australian Aboriginal peoples: Survey of the history, society, and culture of the Australian Aboriginal peoples, who are one of the two distinct Indigenous cultural groups of Australia.
It is generally held that they originally came from Asia via insular Southeast Asia and have been in Australia for at least 45,–50, years. Australian Aboriginal art has existed for thousands of years and ranges from ancient rock art to modern watercolour landscapes.
Aboriginal music has developed a number of unique instruments. Contemporary Australian aboriginal music is predominantly of the country music genre. The History Of Australian Culture. Print Reference this.
Published: 23rd March, Last Edited: The most popular art form is film, attended by about 70 per cent of the population each year.
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Oct 01, · Today, many Australian urbanites see rivers as little more than picturesque places for a paddle.
But in the colonial era, rivers served as highways, drinking sources, sewers, and routes to . Australian Aboriginal art has existed for thousands of years and ranges from ancient rock art to modern watercolour landscapes. Aboriginal music has developed a number of unique instruments.
Contemporary Australian aboriginal music is predominantly of the country music genre.