His father was a master harness maker, and his mother was the daughter of a harness maker, though she was better educated than most women of her social class. Pietism was an evangelical Lutheran movement that emphasized conversion, reliance on divine grace, the experience of religious emotions, and personal devotion involving regular Bible study, prayer, and introspection. Leibniz — was then very influential in German universities.
As Constitution means me essay who is intensely interested in politics generally, and British and American politics most especially, I am fascinated by the many differences between the political scenes on the two sides of the Atlantic. Inevitably, I am oversimplifying somewhat, but the following differences strike me as instructive.
The United States has a written constitution as does the vast majority of nation states. The UK does not have a single document called the constitution but instead its constitutional provisions are scattered over various Acts of Parliament.
The American constitution is hard to change and, in current political circumstances, perhaps impossible to change in any meaningful respect. The Equal Rights Amendment - which sought to provide equal rights for women - failed and there has been no succesful amendment of the US Constitution - except for one technical measure - since What for practical purposes constitutes the British Constitution - various Acts of Parliament - can be changed by a simple majority in the legislature.
For instance, the current Coalition Government introduced fixed terms for the House fo Commons by passing the necessary legislation. In the United States, political discourse frequently makes reference to the constitution - typically Republicans arguing that Democratic initiatives are 'unconstitutional'.
Besides the fact that the UK does not have a constitution as such, it is rare for British politicians to argue that the actions or proposals of their opponents are illegal or ultra vires. In the United States, because of the strict Constitution means me essay of the powers' meaning that nobody can be a member of more than one of the three arms of government, no Cabinet member is allowed to be a member of the Congress.
In Britain, every Government Minister must be a member of one of the two Houses of Parliament and, if he or she is not already in the Parliament, then he or she is made a peer that is, a member of the House of Lords.
Although the American political system has a strict 'separation of the powers', members of the Supreme Court the judiciary are nominated by one of the other arms of government the President and approved by one part of another arm of government the Senate which is part of the legislature.
In the UK, almost all members of the upper chamber of the legislature the House of Lords are effectively chosen by the political party leaders in the lower chamber of the legislature the House of Commons.
In contrast, the United Kingdom is a monarchy with the head of state being a hereditary member of the royal family although he or she has no real power but only a ceremonial role The USA is a presidential system, with the apex of power in a President elected indirectly through an Electoral College, whereas the UK is a parliamentary system, with the Prime Minister holding office and power so long as he or she commands a majority of votes in the House of Commons.
In theory then, the American President has much more power than the British Prime Minister - he is the commander-in-chief and has the power to issue executive orders which have the full force of law.
However, the constitutional system of 'checks and balances' seriously circumscribes the power of the US President who often finds it really difficult to push legislation through Congress. By contrast, a British Prime Minister usually heads a government with a majority of seats in the House of Commons and the ability to pass almost any legislation that he or she wishes.
In the United States, the transition period between the election of a new president and that person's inaugration is two and half months.
In Britain, the changeover of Prime Ministers is virtually immediate - within hours of the election result, one person leaves 10 Downing Street and within the following hour the successor enters it.
A US President is limited by the constitution to two four-year terms in office, whereas there is no limit to the time that a British Prime Minister can serve in the office. In the US, government is highly partisan with the President appointing to the executive colleagues who are almost exclusively from within his own party.
In the UK, government is normally equally partisan with all Ministers coming from the governing party but, inexceptionally the Conservatives were required to go into a coalition with the Liberal Democrats and grant them 17 ministerial positions.
The American Cabinet is appointed by the President but he does not chair it or even attend it. The British Cabinet is appointed by the Prime Minister who normally attends and chairs every meeting. The size of the American Cabinet is fixed: The size of the British Cabinet varies: The American Cabinet meets at irregular intervals and acts as adviser to the President.
The British Cabinet meets once a week and formally takes decisions, usually by consensus under the guidance of the Prime Minister. In the United States, the incoming President and his aides make a total of around 7, political appointments.
In Britain, the Prime Minister appoints around members of the Government and members of the Cabinet each appoint a couple of Special Advisers, so the total number of political appointments is around In the United States, all the most senior appointments are subject to confirmation hearings and votes in the Senate.
In Britain, there is no procedural method of challenging the appointment of a particular Minister although, in theory, the Opposition could move a vote of no confidence in the appropriate House of Parliament.
In Britain, the political head of each Government Department is called Secretary of State and so almost every member of the Cabinet is a Secretary of State. In the United States, the incoming President's inaugural address is a highly public and prestigious affair.
In Britain, the new Prime Minister simply sets out his or her vision for the country in a speech to the House of Commons on the subject of the Queen's Speech which opens the new session of Parliament.
In Britain, there is no equivalent occasion, the nearest event being the Prime Minister's introduction to the Government's legislative intentions for the next year or so after the State Opening of Parliament each session. As a result of the separation of the powers, the US President does not attend or address Congress except for the annual 'State of the Union Address'.
When the President addresses Congress, he is given a respectful hearing. When the Prime Minister addresses Pariament, he or she is barracked and interrupted and Prime Minister's Question Time in particular is a gladiatorial affair.
In the UK, the House of Commons is directly elected, but the House of Lords is largely appointed making it unique in the democratic world.The Path of the Law. by Oliver Wendell Holmes, Jr. 10 Harvard Law Review () When we study law we are not studying a mystery but a well-known profession.
I originally introduced the term “orthorexia” in the article below, published in the October issue of Yoga Journal. Some of the things I said in the article are no longer true of me. Below is an essay on "What the Constitution Means to Me" from Anti Essays, your source for research papers, essays, and term paper examples.
What the Constitution Means to Me The Constitution lay outs the foundation for our government. In honor of Constitution Day, The Constitutional Walking Tour wants students to give their views about American freedom. The American Freedom Essay Contest challenges educators to get their students to write a word essay on the importance of freedom in their lives.
NT The first and second numbers of this series were published in For reasons not necessary to be explained, the sixth is now published in advance of the third, fourth, and fifth. NO TREASON No. VI.
THE CONSTITUTION OF NO AUTHORITY. The United States Constitution is the supreme law of the United States. The Constitution, originally comprising seven articles, delineates the national frame of vetconnexx.com first three articles embody the doctrine of the separation of powers, whereby the federal government is divided into three branches: the legislative, consisting of the bicameral Congress; the executive, consisting of the.