These steps are i screening, ii scoping and consideration of alternatives, iii baseline data collection, iv impact prediction, v assessment of alternatives, description of mitigation measures and environmental impact statement, vi public hearing, vii environment management plan, viii decision making, ix monitoring of the clearance conditions. EIA and EMP is normally necessary for obtaining EC for i those projects which can significantly alter the landscape, land use pattern and lead to concentration of working and service population, ii those projects which need upstream development activity like assured supply of mineral products supply or downstream industrial process development, iii those projects which involve manufacture, handling and use of hazardous materials, and iv those projects which are located near ecologically sensitive areas, urban centres, hill resorts, and places of scientific and religious importance. This report assists the process of decision making with regards to the EC for the project.
The Environmental Clearance Process: Getting environmental clearance involves a process covering aspects like screening, scoping and evaluation of the upcoming project. The various steps involved in environmental clearance are discussed as follows: The process begins with identifying the location of proposed unit Impact of the environmental clearance of the entrepreneur.
If it is mentioned in schedule of the notification, the entrepreneur is required to conduct an Environmental Impact Assessment EIA study either directly or through a consultant. The process to be followed for assessing environmental impact includes the following activities: After the preliminary scrutiny by the Ministry of Environment and Forest MoEFthe Appraisal Committee evaluates the impact on environment and accordingly makes its recommendations for approval, rejection or modifications in the project.
The units that fall under B2 category do not require EIA. The Central and State Pollution Control Boards are responsible for enforcing legal action against the industrial units that are found environment polluters.
The next mandatory step involved in seeking environmental clearance for the proposed unit is public hearing which is conducted prior to the issue of NOC from SPCB. Public hearing provides a legal space for people of an area to come face-to-face with the project proponent and the government and express their concerns about the impact of proposed unit on them.
Following is the process involved in public hearing. The District Collector is the chairperson of the public hearing committee. Other members of the committee include the official from the district development body, SPCB, Department of Environment and Forest, Taluka and Gram Panchayat representative, and senior citizen of the district, etc.
Now, the entrepreneur approaches the concerned State Pollution Control Board SPCB and if the location involves use of forestland, the State Forest Department for the environmental clearance is approached.
The SPCB evaluates and assesses the quantity and quality of effluents likely to be generated by the proposed unit as well as the efficacy of the control measures proposed by the entrepreneur to meet the prescribed standards.
The final step involved in the process of environmental clearance is environmental evaluation. The documents submitted by an entrepreneur are first scrutinized by a multi-disciplinary staff functioning in the Ministry of Environment and Forests who may also undertake site-visits wherever required, interact with the entrepreneur and hold consultations with experts on specific issues as and when necessary.
After this preliminary scrutiny, the proposals are placed before specially constituted committees of experts whose composition is specified in the EIA Notification.
On the basis of the exercise described in the foregoing paragraphs, the Appraisal Committees make their recommendations for approval or rejection of particular projects.
The recommendations of the Committees are then processed in the Ministry of Environment and Forests for approval or rejection. When a project requires both environmental clearance as well as approval under the Forest Conservation Act,proposals for both are required to be submitted simultaneously to the concerned divisions of the ministry.
If the project does not involve diversion of forest land, the case is processed only for environmental clearance. Once all the requisite documents and data from the project authorities are received and public hearings where required have also been held, assessment and evaluation of the project from the environment angle is completed within 90 days and the decision of the ministry either approved or rejected shall be conveyed within 30 days thereafter.
The clearance granted shall be valid for a period of five years for commencements of the construction or operation of the project. The entire process involved in environmental process is now diagrammatically presented in the following Fig.
Religious and historic places b.requires further environmental studies for preparation of an Environmental Impact Assessment (EIA) for its appraisal prior to the grant of environmental clearance depending up on the nature and location specificity of the project. presentation by dr.
g.v. subrahmanyam, advisor ministry of environment & forests new delhi environmental impact assessment (revised environmental clearance process). presentation by dr.
g.v. subrahmanyam, advisor ministry of environment & forests new delhi environmental impact assessment (revised environmental clearance process). EIA is now mandatory for 30 categories of projects, and these projects get Environmental Clearance (EC) only after the EIA requirements are fulfilled.
Environmental clearance or the ‘go ahead’ signal is granted by the Impact Assessment Agency in the Ministry of Environment and Forests, Government of India.
Online Submission & Monitoring of Environmental Clearances (Category-'B2' Projects: Mining of Minor Minerals) District Environment Impact Assessment Authority. Menu. Track your proposal; Register(New Proponent) Manual for Single Window Clearance System. Manual for District Portal. On April 23, , the BART Board of Directors conducted a Public Hearing for the eBART Project, and approved the Environmental Impact Report.