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To understand the multiple meanings of a poem, readers must examine its words and phrasing from the perspectives of rhythm, sound, images, obvious meaning, and implied meaning.
Readers then need to organize responses to the verse into a logical, point-by-point explanation.
A good beginning involves asking questions that apply to most poetry. Context of the Poem Clear answers to the following questions can help establish the context of a poem Poetry criticism form the foundation of understanding: Who wrote the poem?
Does the poet's life suggest any special point of view, such as a political affiliation, religious sect, career interest, musical talent, family or personal problems, travel, or handicap — for example, H. Ammons' training in chemistry, Amy Lowell's aristocratic background, John Berryman's alcoholism, or Hart Crane's homosexuality?
When was the poem written and in what country? Knowing something about the poet's life, times, and culture helps readers understand what's in a poem and why.
Does the poem appear in the original language? If not, readers should consider that translation can alter the language and meaning of a poem. Is the poem part of a special collection or series? Examples of such series and collections include Edna St.
For example, does the poem relate to imagism, confessional verse, the Beat movement, the Harlem Renaissance, the Civil Rights era, the American Indian renaissance, or feminism? Readers should apply definitions of the many categories to determine which describes the poem's length and style: Is it an epic, a long poem about a great person or national hero?
Is it a lyric, a short, musical verse? Is it a narrative, a poem that tells a story? Is it a haiku, an intense, lyrical three-line verse of seventeen syllables? For example, does it examine personal memories and experiences?
Title of the Poem Is the title's meaning obvious? For example, does it mention a single setting and action, such as W. Does it imply multiple possibilities? For example, Jean Toomer's "Georgia Dusk," which refers to a time of day as well as to dark-skinned people.Introduction to Literary Criticism of Poetry This guide addresses the need for literary criticism for beginning literary critics.
It provides resources for finding poems, for getting summaries, reviews, and criticism or explication of poetry. Poems, readings, poetry news and the entire year archive of POETRY magazine. Literary criticism (or literary studies) is the study, evaluation, and interpretation of literature.
Modern literary criticism is often influenced by literary theory, which is the philosophical discussion of literature's goals and methods. Books shelved as poetry-criticism: The Language of Inquiry by Lyn Hejinian, The Marginalization of Poetry: Language Writing and Literary History by Bob P.
A website dedicated to analysing poetry from past and present, to provide a database of articles to summarize and critically analyse any poem. Poetry Criticism through Literature Criticism Online assembles critical responses to the writings of the world’s most renowned poets and provides supplementary biographical context and bibliographic material to guide the reader to a greater understanding of the genre and its creators.