References and Further Reading 1. Conceptual Framework for the Debate Psychological egoism is a thesis about motivation, usually with a focus on the motivation of human intentional action. A famous story involving Abraham Lincoln usefully illustrates this see Rachelsp.
Share Print A Message from the Commissioner of the New York City Department of Health and Mental Hygiene The September 11 terrorist attacks affected millions and caused physical and mental health conditions for thousands of people most directly exposed to the disaster.
For more than a decade, the federally funded NYC Health Department WTC Health Registry has studied the long-term effects of the attack on area workers, residents, and students and the rescue, recovery and clean-up workers who responded.
Risk factors for PTSD were intense exposure to the dust cloud injury being on a high floor at WTC evacuating late working for an employer that experienced loss of life, witnessing horror, knowing someone who was killed in the attack, event-related job loss, having little social support.
The longer someone worked at the site the greater the risk for PTSD. Rescue and recovery workers from non-emergency occupations such as construction and sanitation workers also suffered higher rates of PTSD than emergency responders.
Tobacco use Smokers with mental health conditions are less likely to quit smoking, and may need additional support to do so. Lung function Lung function describes how well a person can move air in and out of the lungs. Firefighters and emergency medical service EMS workers experienced sharp declines in lung function within a year of the attack.
Lung function declines were greater for current smokers than for non-smokers. Changes in lung function also affected area workers and residents. Respiratory symptoms Ten years after the WTC attack, lower respiratory symptoms LRS such as coughing, wheezing, trouble breathing, or using an inhaler still affected rescue and recovery workers, area residents and workers, and passers-by.
Respiratory illness and mental health conditions often occur together in people exposed to disaster. Male rescue and recovery workers are at higher risk for subsequent heart-related hospitalization.
Their work will help answer questions about long-term effects of the disaster Potential WTC-related cancers: Since cancers typically develop slowly, more research is needed to determine if these early study results will remain the same or change over time. Prostate and thyroid cancer: Rates among nearly 21, rescue and recovery workers enrolled in the WTC Health program were higher than overall rates in New York, New Jersey, Connecticut and Pennsylvania, where the majority of workers lived.
Which WTC-related conditions are being treated and how well the treatment works. Health care needs of people not receiving care for WTC-related conditions coverage gaps remain The role that WTC-related illness may play in heart disease, diabetes, heartburn, and reflux disorders.
Effect of ongoing WTC-related health conditions on long-term mental health. Call or visit www.Obesity is associated with a relatively high prevalence of psychopathological conditions, which may have a significant negative impact on the quality of life.
Bariatric surgery is an effective intervention in the morbidly obese to achieve marked weight loss and improve physical comorbidities, yet its impact on psychological health has yet to be determined.
Some Thoughts on the Format for a Psychological Report The following format is one that evolved over several years with input from a variety of psychologists. Psychological Egoism.
Psychological egoism is the thesis that we are always deep down motivated by what we perceive to be in our own self-interest. Psychological altruism, on the other hand, is the view that sometimes we can have ultimately altruistic motives.
Suppose, for example, that Pam saves Jim from a burning office building. What ultimately motivated her to do this? The Practical, Psychological, Economical, Physical Impacts Made by 9/11 Words | 6 Pages September 11 terrorist attacks, the Department of Homeland Security was founded, airports and airlines increased security, and Osama bin Laden has been killed.
"Growing Up in the Shadow of Terrorism: Youth in America After 9/11" by Nancy Eisenberg, PhD, Arizona State University and Roxane Cohen Silver, PhD, University of California, Irvine.
For most children, the psychological consequences of 9/11 were relatively transient, particularly for those who only watched the events unfold on TV. An original research paper on the Long Term Physiological and Psychological Effects of Abortion on the health of Women, both their physical and emotional health including thoughts of suicide and on their ability to be a mother in the future.